Category Archives for "Environmental Laws"

Germany, Frankfurt, Justice
Jul 31

About Environmental Lawyer

By Jessica Banks | Environmental Laws

These laws seek to protect and keep safe the nature from human destructive activities. One of the first environmental laws are made in England even over 300 years ago and in the last 50 years all other countries over the world started regulation of these laws concerning pollution regulation and resource conservation. This created a new group of specialists whose debit is to deal with various issues regarding environmental laws and they are called environmental lawyers.

Education and licensing

It is needed to obtain a law degree known as a Bachelor of Laws for start or a Juris Doctor. While first one presents undergraduate qualification the other one presents a postgraduate qualification. If someone is more ambitious and seeks for a higher pay grade or more senior roles in the future than it is best to finish Masters of Environmental Law or a Doctor of Philosophy.

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Once the law degree is completed it is required to gain further practice. Various courses may be taken as contract courses, environmental law, conservation, legal writing ad environmental topics to many other, similar topics. Most states require lawyers to pass a bar examination due to practicing beside participating in continuing education courses so they keep up with development of current and future regulations and laws. Once admitted to the bar a lawyer may formally provide legal service and represent future clients.

Responsibilities

These vary depending of the fact for who is this lawyer working for. If lawyer works for example for a government agency his duty is to compile evidence, interview witnesses and presents the case for prosecution on the court.

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If in some case lawyer works for a waste management company, focus is on complying with regulations, helping his client understand better all the facts regarding the case, collect necessary documentation and make successful defense on the court. In any way, these layers must represent their party in their best interest by carefully researching every detail regarding the case and the law.

Skills

Of course knowledge about the legal system is primary thing beside the fact it is needed for this lawyer to be familiar with regulations in the jurisdiction and keep up with all current environmental laws. Analytical skills, interpersonal skills, problem-solving skills and communication are some basic ones every environmental attorney should have in order to be good at his work. Research skill is particularly important to make best preparation of the future cases, legal recommendations, advices or defenses.

Waste management
Jul 31

Top Environmental Crimes

By Jessica Banks | Environmental Laws

Environmental crimes are the one of the top worldwide problems today having various different forms. Some even reached a level of the most profitable criminal activities in the world. Common ones are usually regarding to waste disposal, pollution and exploitation of flora and fauna.

Wild animal traffic

Beside arms and drug traffic this is by the Interpol third largest illegal business on the planet. Biodiversity survival is greatly endangered by this serious threat and most guilt goes at the consumers. People pay some incredible prices for black market products and if this would disappear everything would be solved.

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Worst thing in all this is the more species is endangered it brings more money. It is amazing how some people are ready to pay a fortune for it. Most popular animals in black market are arachnids, monkeys, tropical birds and reptiles. There is an awful fact about making money not only on the animals as a company animals but on their parts, such as elephant tusks and rhinoceros horns. This ivory is used for some nonsense products like medicine, aphrodisiacs and souvenirs.

Logging

One of the main causes of deforestation in the world making huge damages for flora and fauna. There is a huge increase of deforestation in case of large rainforests which are being reduced in last couple of years for even 30%. Not only it presents massive threat for the forests and trees but also for endangering many species of animals and plants by damaging their habitats and ecosystems. So to fight this successfully it is necessary to avoid buying products which are produced due to extensive farming and support environmentalists by signing various petitions.

Finning

Extremely high numbers of sharks are captured on annual basis because of their fins. Even worse if we could say it, their bodies are thrown back into ocean when their fins are removed. Highest levels of cruelty is made by this where sharks die in huge pain.

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Unfortunately this trend is just raising on daily basis especially in Asia where shark fin soup presents a specialty in restaurants. Sharks make extremely important part of trophic chain and people just forget this fact when doing this extremely inhumane act.

Waste management

There are millions tons of electronic waste dumped in developed countries every year and most of it is consisted of electronic waste such as mobile phones, computers, TV sets and others. They are illegally transported in countries such as Africa, China and India. Most of this waste comes from the West and there is extremely huge problem in Ghana where great amounts of waste are finding a place.

Only successful solution for this is that governments invest in serious recycling measures to level it with amount and consumption rate of the waste. Similar huge problem of is done with the water where many companies are dumping fecal and toxic waste into many rivers and lakes. Some power plants and companies flush water back in the river after cooling down their mechanisms. This is endangering many ecosystems, killing outnumbering species. Simple sewage collectors or sewage plants would solve this terrible crime.

environmental-management
Jan 02

Principal Environmental Laws In USA

By Jessica Banks | Civil Law , Environmental Laws

In past few decades US congress has amended several main environmental statutes which are enforced through various regulations by US Environmental Protection Agency, US Army Corps of Engineers and US Department of the Interior. Federal government has authority of enforcing and assuring compliance of these and state governments may even adopt more rigorous regulations than allowed under federal law. Local governments on the other hand may generally adopt more strict environmental laws but they are obligated to cohere with federal laws. Congress is the one that gives money to the EPA, other agencies and states to enforce these rules.

Key environmental legislation

Clean Air Act (CAA)

Is consisted of two objectives. Primary objective is human health and secondary is agriculture, aesthetics and other non-health objectives. It regulates air quality and addresses air pollution by setting goals for the concentration of various pollutants in our surrounding.

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Essential thing is to set these goals in order to make the health risk zero. Usual air pollutants are HCs, CO, Pb, SOx, NOx ozone and particulates which emission limits are made by specific standards in technology. These standards are set for various industrial categories such as petrochemical plants, refineries, power plants, car factories, airplane factories and other sources.

Clean Water Act

Also consisted from two objectives, where primary eliminates discharge of all pollutants and secondary maintains and restores quality of the nation’s waters. Quality is based on fishing and swimming possibility in these waters.  This Act sets standards for which pollutants may be released into rivers, streams lakes and other waters. Permits to do so are extremely rigorous. There are also standards for specific industry categories which specify limits treating wastewater disposed in a water body. First point of this act were industrial point sources but with time there are also added requirements for the control in urban and agriculture runoff.

Safe Drinking Water Act

With three key objectives where primary ensures potable water, secondary ensures palatable water while tertiary protects the quality of underground source of the water. Potable water is one regarding human health while palatable water considers aesthetic characteristics such as color, odor and taste.

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This Act by regulating public water systems regulate the public drinking water supply. Other regulations in this Act also take control over important factors regarding healthy waters such as permits, operations, constructions and underground wells. There are four categories met here and those are chemical, physical, radiological and biological. All standards set allowed maximum contaminant levels that must be met and are enforceable.

Resource Conservation and Recovery Act

Is the one responsible of controlling the handling, transportation, storage, treatment and transfer of dangerous wastes from very beginning of their production to their final disposal. It contains various sections to regulate various activities such as characterization of the waste, tracking framework, requirements for waste facilities and treatment specification of the waste.

Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act

Where main objective is to clean up abandoned and dangerous waste resources and sites. It must provide proper industrial waste management practices to every community. It is known as a Superfund that provides money based on taxes assessed to the petroleum and chemical industry in order to clean up every site of significant risk.